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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-11

Integration of yoga in modern healthcare system: A dream to reality


Department of Ayurvedic Pharmacy, B.I.P.S, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Date of Submission19-May-2017
Date of Acceptance10-Jan-2018
Date of Web Publication19-Jun-2018

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Satadru Palbag
Department of Ayurvedic Pharmacy, B.I.P.S, S.P.L.P.I.M Campus, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_14_17

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  Abstract 


Yoga means union of the soul of the individual with the supreme consciousness. It is a 5000-year-old Indian source of wisdom whose importance is accepted by the whole world. India has taken several important steps to amalgamate the tradition of yoga with everyday life through implementation in student's physical training program to inclusion in modern healthcare system. This minireview will throw light over the development of integration of yoga in several diversified fields and its positive outcome.

Keywords: Modern healthcare system, national yoga policy, yoga, yoga visa


How to cite this article:
Palbag S. Integration of yoga in modern healthcare system: A dream to reality. BLDE Univ J Health Sci 2018;3:9-11

How to cite this URL:
Palbag S. Integration of yoga in modern healthcare system: A dream to reality. BLDE Univ J Health Sci [serial online] 2018 [cited 2018 Sep 21];3:9-11. Available from: http://www.bldeujournalhs.in/text.asp?2018/3/1/9/234638



Honorable Prime Minister of India on January 2016 given stress to healthcare fraternity to unite Indian systems of medicine and yoga into the modern health facilities to make it a part of life. He proposed several benefits of yoga in different platforms all over the world. For instance, in the time of inauguration of 21st international conference on frontiers in yoga research and its applications arranged by the Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana Institute at Jigani, on January 2016, he stated that, “My vision for healthcare is an integrated system that understands and builds on the best and most effective of different traditions.” He also added that “they (people of India) now demand promotion of wellness which is a healthy balance of the mind, body, and spirit. So we must address the question of psychological state of our existence as much as we try to advance our physical and material life.”[1] Honorable Prime Minister during the celebration of 3rd international yoga day in Lucknow stated that yoga is a science which was practiced by saints in ancient India and common man in today's India. This is where the role of yoga is paramount. He welcomed all the fraternity and stalwarts of the health sectors, policymakers, government organizations, and luminaries from industry to bridge the gap between the different forms of medicine systems.

For a developing country like India, expenses in the management of diseases, especially lifestyle diseases are a matter of concern and a huge financial pressure to the growing economy of India. According to a WHO report, it is estimated that diseases of noncommunicable nature kill 40 million people each year, equivalent to 70% of all deaths globally.

Seventeen million people die annually from a noncommunicable disease before the age of 70; 87% of which occur in low- and middle-income countries like India. Cardiovascular diseases account for most such deaths (17.7 million), followed by cancers (8.8 million), respiratory diseases (3.9 million), and diabetes (1.6 million). These four segment of diseases result for 81% deaths due to noncommunicable diseases.[2]

Modern allopathic systems of medicine have breakthrough achievements in medicines and vaccines that have helped to combat diseases. However, we are also concerned about the growing side effects of these medicines and also we cannot ignore the increment of price of the medicines.[3]


  Integration of Yoga in Nation-Wide Program Top


At school level

Yoga is the way of living a healthy and disease-free life. Its implementation should begin in the school level as we know that basic healthcare management starts in school in the form of physical training (PT) classes. The classes of the PT must implement yoga at regular basis. It will increase mental concentration and healthy body growth of the students. The National Curriculum Framework 2005 report by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) recommended yoga as an integral part of health and physical education.[4]

According to Ministry of Human Resource Development of India, there are 15,962 schools affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), who are advised to provide compulsory 40–45 min of physical activities or games to the students of classes from I to X in daily basis and that students of classes XI and XII must participate in physical activity/games/mass PT/yoga for at least 2 periods per week (90–120 min/week). The yoga is a compulsory part of its curriculum as arranged by the board.[5]

On hearing a plea, in November 2016, a bench headed by Justice M B Lokur of Honorable Supreme Court asked the Centre's decision within 3 months for having of a national yoga policy to safeguard the needs of yoga and making it compulsory for the schoolgoing students all over India.[6] The court was hearing the pleas filed by Mr. Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay.

Stressing on the Article 21 of “Right to life” of which “Right to health” is an integral part, Supreme court has sought a direction to NCERT, National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE), and CBSE to supply standard textbooks of “Yoga and health education” for the schoolgoing children keeping in view of fundamental rights.

Yoga in teacher education program

Education relating to yoga has been made a compulsory part of study and practice by NCTE, a statutory body under Ministry of Human Resource Development, through its 15 teacher education programs, namely, preschool education to elementary education, secondary, senior secondary, physical education, and distance learning.

NCTE has already developed modules on yoga education for diploma in elementary education and master of education which will be used by >18,000 teacher education institutions and also 14 lakh student–teachers and teacher educators who are related to studying or teaching in the said institutions.[5]

At central government hospital chains

Employees' state insurance corporation

Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) is a premier social security organization that provides quality medical services including AYUSH. As per central government policy to promote AYUSH system of medicine, ESIC has facilitated the development of AYUSH facilities and has undertaken a number of initiatives to improve delivery of AYUSH services in a phased manner. Yoga facilities are arranged by the state government in all ESIC hospitals/dispensaries by engaging yoga institutions or relevant nongovernmental organizations for providing yoga instructors in the same manner as for ESIC hospitals and dispensaries. The facility is being utilized by a sufficient number of beneficiaries.[7]

Central government health scheme

The “Central Government Health Scheme” (CGHS) was set up in 1954 for the health facilities of the central government employees, and their dependents. Subsequently, the scheme was extended to the pensioners and freedom fighters. There are established yoga chikitsa kendras under CGHS. CGHS has provided space to run the yoga kendras for the preventive healthcare through yoga. For example, there are 4 yoga chikitsa kendras working under CGHS in Delhi at the following locations: (i) CGHS wellness centre, sector-8, RK Puram, (ii) CGHS wellness centre, Tilak Nagar, (iii) CGHS wellness centre, Kali Bari Marg, and (iv) CGHS wellness centre, Laxminagar. The Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga is having 19 Preventive Health Care Units in 19 CGHS dispensaries in Delhi and NCR, where yoga units are successfully organized.[8]

Employment in yoga sector

Huge vacancies in government, government-affiliated, and private sector in the post of yoga instructors is due to the opening of several yoga centers and projecting yoga by central government in every sphere.

Furthermore, several yoga instructors could start their own yoga fitness centers or clinics by financial help from several government schemes of government of India's “Stand up India” schemes and “Start-up schemes.”

Foreign revenue and “yoga” visa

The yoga visa is technically a student visa but had an endorsement that the visa holder will visit the country to learn the art of yoga for a specific period of time in India. The union government offering “yoga visa” has come as a major relief to foreigners, visiting India to learn yoga. Certain people use the term “Yoga Visa,” but in reality, it is a student visa. The most important document foreigners will need for a student visa is a letter from the school/institute, affirming that he/she is signed up for this type of courses. The ministry of home affairs has taken a good decision to include interesting short-term yoga programs in tourist visa and e-tourist visa. On the basis on which all Indian missions abroad and foreigners regional registration officers/foreigners registration officers in the country were requested to take action as per the latest decision.[9]

Worldwide, yoga is a big flourishing industry and revenue earner which is estimated to be an $80 billion industry. In the US alone, it is worth $27 billion, and >32 million people practice yoga. According to the government's “Make in India” campaign project and report, the wellness industry in India is worth INR 490 billion, which alone comprises 40% of the market. The AYUSH sector has an annual turnover of around INR 120 billion. It is dominated by micro, small, and medium enterprises, accounting for >80% of the enterprises.[10]


  Conclusion Top


The whole world in 2018 will celebrate International Yoga day on June 21 for the fourth time. On December 11, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly declared June 21st as the international day of yoga. The declaration came after the call for the adoption of June 21st as international day of yoga by Honorable Prime Minister of India during his address to UN General Assembly on September 27, 2014. Since then, the whole world in 2017 celebrated international yoga day on June 21 for the third time with great pomp and show. Yoga is indeed a zero cost health insurance. Yoga means “addition” or “Union;” it is the addition of the “self” with the “supreme.” It has evolved from “Gyanmarg” and “KarmaMarg” in Upanishads.[11] Later, Rishi Patanjali gives perfection to yoga. In his “Yoga Sutras,” he mentioned that “Yogas chitta vritti nirodh” – which means by performing yogas, one could free himself/herself from worldly bondages. Day-to-day stresses and diseases are the product of these bondages, and yoga helps us to get rid of them. A number of research studies have shown that yoga may help reduce stress and anxiety. It can also enhance the mood and overall sense of well-being.[12],[13],[14] Several famous institutes such as Mayo Clinic also propagate the role of yoga in stress management.[15]

The integration of yoga in every sphere and its omnipresence will make India a stronger, self-esteemed nation in the coming years and ultimately fulfill the dream of our late A.P.J Abdul Kalam Sir's “Vision 2020” of a developed nation.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Manu Aiyappa Kanathanda. Integrate Yoga into Modern Healthcare System. Available from: http://www.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Integrate-yoga-into-modern-healthcare-system-Modi/articleshow/50432036.cms. [Last accessed on 2017 May 02].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
WHO Fact Sheet on Non-Communicable Diseases; April, 2017. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs355/en/. [Last accessed on 2017 May 02].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Home Page of Janaushadhi. Available from: http://www.janaushadhi.gov.in/. [Last accessed on 2017 May 02].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
National Curriculum Framework. NCERT; 2005. Available from: http://www.ncert.nic.in/rightside/links/pdf/framework/english/nf2005.pdf. [Last accessed on 2017 Sep 17].  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Yoga in School Curriculum. Press Information Bureau. Available from: http://www.pib.nic.in/newsite/mbErel.aspx?relid=123468. [Last accessed on 2017 May 02].  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
PTI News. Updated; 29 November, 2016. Available from: http://www.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Supreme-Court-asks-Centre-to-take-a-decision-on-framing-national-yoga-policy/articleshow/55681881.cms. [Last accessed on 2017 May 02].  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
ESI Policy on AYUSH and Yoga Facilities in ESI Hospitals and Dispensaries; 15 November. Available from: http://www.esic.nic.in/backend/writereaddata/file/bd38e0fee0d46784cf6ec692c0803c3d.pdf. [Last accessed on 2017 May 02].  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Lok Sabha Starred Question no 258. 16 December. Available from: http://www. 164.100.47.190/loksabhaquestions/annex/10/AS258.pdf. [Last accessed on 2017 May 02].  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
India will Give Tourist Visa. First Post. 16 June. Available from: http://www. firstpost.com/world/india-will-give-tourist-visa-e-visa-for-short-term-yoga-courses-2813300.html. [Last accessed on 2017 May 02].  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
How the $80 Billion Business of Yoga is a Win-Win Game for Mind and Pocket. Available from: https://www.yourstory.com/2015/06/international-yoga-day/. [Last accessed on 2017 May 02].  Back to cited text no. 10
    
11.
Srimad Swami Paramanadaji Maharaj. Yoga Samanyay. Paramananda Institute of Yoga; 2014. p. 7.  Back to cited text no. 11
    
12.
Li AW, Goldsmith CA. The effects of yoga on anxiety and stress. Altern Med Rev 2012;17:21-35.  Back to cited text no. 12
[PUBMED]    
13.
Kauts A, Sharma N. Effect of yoga on academic performance in relation to stress. Int J Yoga 2009;2:39-43.  Back to cited text no. 13
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
14.
Donesky-Cuenco D, Nguyen HQ, Paul S, Carrieri-Kohlman V. Yoga therapy decreases dyspnea-related distress and improves functional performance in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A pilot study. J Altern Complement Med 2009;15:225-34.  Back to cited text no. 14
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Stress Management, Mayoclinic. Available from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/stress-management/in-depth/yoga/art-20044733. [Last accessed on 2017 Sep 17].  Back to cited text no. 15
    




 

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