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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-10

An exploratory study to assess the prevalence and risk factors of malnutrition among under-five children residing in selected rural areas of district Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh


1 Department of Child Health Nursing, Eternal University, Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Community Health Nursing, Akal College of Nursing, Eternal University, Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Priyanka Devi
Department of Child Health Nursing, Akal College of Nursing, Eternal University, Baru Sahib, Via Rajgarh, Sirmaur - 177 001, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_14_19

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INTRODUCTION: Nutrition is one of the most essential things of life, and it becomes an integral part for the growth and development of body and maintenance of health. In rural areas of India, there is widespread undernutrition. AIM: This study aims to assess the prevalence and to explore the most probable risk factors influencing malnutrition among under-five children. SETTING AND DESIGN: A quantitative nonexperimental exploratory study design was conducted in selected rural areas of district Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh, India. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 200 children and their mothers were selected by purposive sampling technique. Anthropometric assessment and semi-structured interview schedule was used as tool for data collection. RESULTS: The prevalence of stunting was 40% and wasting was 19.5%. Maternal factors, birth characteristics, breastfeeding practices, environmental factors, and dietary practices affect malnutrition among under-five children. CONCLUSION: The recapitalization of the study suggests that there was high prevalence of malnutrition, and various risk factors are responsible for malnutrition among under-five children.


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