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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 55-59

Preanalytical requirements: Focus on urine culture


1 Department of Microbiology, Lal Bahadur Shastri Medical College, Mandi, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Cardiology, IGMC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sunite A Ganju
House No. 214/B, Sector 3, New Shimla, Shimla - 171 009, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_26_19

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In a microbiology laboratory, the urine cultures rank among the major tests ordered by doctors. Urine culture using both automated and traditional manual methods are commonly used. The health-care services delivered in India are mainly patient-centered, and laboratory services are under increasing pressure to deliver test results within the stipulated time. Naturally, quality control methods have mainly focused attention only toward analytical aspects of the total testing process (TTP). The TTP includes the preanalytical, analytical, postanalytical phases, and laboratory errors can occur at any stage of the TTP. However, errors in the preanalytical phase are generally overlooked and as many as 46%–68.2% errors can occur. This paper reviews the sources of error in preanalytical phase of urine culture and steps to minimize such errors, which are crucial for laboratory diagnostics and patient safety.


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