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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 43-47

Hand hygiene practices among doctors in health facility in a semi-urban setting

1 Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Paediatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria
3 Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria
4 Institute of Human Virology, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ibrahim Aliyu
Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_26_17

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INTRODUCTION: Hand hygiene is an integral part of personal hygiene; poor hand hygiene practice may result not only in self-hurt but also may serve as a vehicle for transmission of infection among patients. Hence, knowledge of proper hand hygiene practice will significantly reduce the burden of infectious diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving doctors at Federal Medical Centre Birnin Kebbi; it was conducted from September 2015 to November 2015. Convenience sampling method was adopted. Pretested self-administered questionnaire based was used; relevant information such as age, sex, profession, years of working experience, awareness of Global HandWashing Day, hand-washing technique, steps in hand washing, ability to list the five moments in hand washing, and principles of hand washing were obtained. RESULTS: There were 33 males and 12 females with a male to female ratio of 2.8:1. All respondents believed hand washing reduces the risk of transmitting or contracting infections. Soap and water was the most common agent for hand cleansing, majority of the respondents (86.7%) had been taught on the technique of hand washing; however, only 19 (42.2%) of them wash their hands before examining patients; but all the respondents (100%) wash their hands after examining patient or handling their secretions; similarly, they all reported washing their hands after using the restroom. Almost all of the respondents (97.8%) use water and soap for hand washing. Furthermore, only 44.4% of the respondents had their personal hand rub. CONCLUSION: Soap and water was the most common agent for hand cleansing, and there was poor utilization of hand rub; and most respondents did not wash their hands before patient contact.

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