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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-113

Evidence that does not lie - Implementation of raped victims and treatment algorithm within the oral surgery department: From ashes to truth

1 Departmment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, M. B. Kedia Dental College and Teaching Hospital, Tribhuvan University, Birgunj, Nepal
2 Departmment of Physiology, M. B. Kedia Dental College and Teaching Hospital, Tribhuvan University, Birgunj, Nepal
3 Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Subdivisional Hospital, Ranchi, Jharkhand
4 Department of Physiology, Laboratory of Vascular Physiology and Medicine, Shri B. M. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, BLDE (Deemed to be University), Vijayapura, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Purnima Singh
Department of Physiology, M. B. Kedia Dental College and Teaching Hospital, Tribhuvan University Birgunj, Birgunj
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_28_20

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Odontologists play a primary duty in the identification of individuals or missing persons in a scenario of a mass disaster, violent crime, child abuse, and elder abuse. When it comes to the identification of the victim or the suspect, their dental traits could turn out to a compelling proof and can help in slimming down the result of the investigating welfare work. Typically, it becomes necessary to use some least known and fewer widespread techniques in identification procedure such as lip prints, rugae patterns, and willing odontometrics can provide relatively valid conclusions referring to a person's identification. This review elucidates the importance of cheiloscopy, palatoscopy, and canine odontometry in a person's identification in relation to sex prediction and discrimination. This review article provides the newest information about the recent major advances and discoveries related to the classical and modern developed methods of dental identification that would enhance the knowledge and awareness among the professionals examining the youth victims of sex trafficking in urban and rural communities or identification of the rape or sexual abuse victims and the convicts, particularly in the Indian subcontinent when the rate of raped or sexually abused victims has risen. Various search engines such as Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and Web of Science were explored for scientific articles (original clinical research findings, case reports, and review articles) in the present subject area. A manual search strategy was adopted to obtain relevant literature on human trafficking, sexual violence, dental identification, and forensic odontology. There were no fixed inclusion and exclusion criteria before and after the literature search. Thus, the articles and items reviewed in this article were picked based on their relevance to the present topic, and an attempt was made to understand the application of various available methods of dental identification all over the world and its applicability to the forensic odontologists in the Indian subcontinent. The dental professionals who operate on the potential victims of human trafficking in secondary care units usually lack data and confidence. Coaching is required significantly for the dental employees who are involved in the identification of the victims and answering their demands, along with creating safe referrals.

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