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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 37-38

Pregnancy with pancytopenia: An Observational Study

Department of OBG, Shri B M Patil Medical College, Hospital & Research Center, BLDE (Deemed to be University), Vijayapura-586103, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2468-838X.303790

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Background: Pancytopenia is the reduction in all three major cellular elements of the blood; hence it is the simultaneous presence of anemia, leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. Pancytopenia is associated with many maternal and fetal complications during pregnancy like maternal sepsis, postpartum hemorrhage, pre-eclampsia and preterm labor, IUGR and intrauterine fetal demise. Methods: The study was conducted at BLDE (Deemed to be) University, Shri B. M. Patil Medical College Hospital, and Research Centre. It's an observational study done from November 2019-April 2020. The participants enrolled in the study were subjected to further clinical and laboratory evaluation and followed for a feto-maternal outcome. Results: The incidence of pancytopenia with pregnancy in this study was 3% and all the patients were vegetarian by diet along with vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiency. They were associated with different maternal and fetal complications. Conclusions: Proper dietary counseling and well-balanced dietary plans even with plant originate food can prevent micronutrients deficiency and avoid deleterious consequences like pancytopenia.

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